Boost Blazor Dropdown List Performance with Virtualization
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Boost Blazor Dropdown List Performance with Virtualization

Boost Blazor Dropdown List Performance with Virtualization

In the fast-paced world of modern web apps, ensuring optimal performance is key to delivering a user experience that is seamless and responsive. This becomes particularly challenging when dealing with large data sets, where efficient data handling is paramount.

Consider, for instance, the common scenario of dropdown lists populated with many items. Traditional methods of managing these lists can often lead to performance bottlenecks, negatively impacting the overall user experience.

Syncfusion’s Blazor Dropdown List component offers a powerful solution to this challenge!

Its virtual scrolling feature efficiently handles large data sets. Instead of loading all the data at once, it dynamically loads data as the user scrolls, significantly enhancing your app’s performance.

In this blog, we’ll see how to enable the virtual scrolling feature in the Blazor Dropdown List component and its benefits.

What is virtual scrolling?

Virtual scrolling only deals with the subset of data currently visible within the viewport. As a user scrolls through the data, items move in and out of the viewport. The component dynamically loads items into view and unloads them when they are no longer visible.

Benefits of virtual scrolling

  • Improved performance: Virtual scrolling enables the smooth rendering of dropdown lists containing many items by rendering only the visible items. This eliminates the need to load and render all items simultaneously, significantly improving the component’s overall performance.
  • Reduced DOM rendering time: By reducing the number of DOM elements that need rendering at any given time, virtual scrolling significantly reduces the DOM rendering time. This results in a user interface responding more swiftly, with fewer elements to render.
  • Faster load times: Loading a large data set into a dropdown list can result in longer load times. Virtual scrolling addresses this issue by initially loading only the necessary items, resulting in faster load times and a more responsive user interface.

Implementing virtual scrolling in the Syncfusion Blazor Dropdown List

Let’s see the steps to implement the virtual scrolling feature in our Blazor Dropdown List component.

Prerequisites

Step 1: Create a Blazor server app

First, create a new Blazor WASM app using Visual Studio. Install the Syncfusion Blazor packages and configure the style and script references using the getting started documentation.

Step 2: Add the Dropdown List component to the app

Add the Blazor Dropdown List component with field settings configurations to the Index.razor file.

<SfDropDownList TValue="int?" TItem="DropdownModel" Placeholder="Select a item">
    <DropDownListFieldSettings Text="TextField" Value="ValueField" />
</SfDropDownList>

Step 3: Binding the data source

Next, get the data from the model class and bind it to the Dropdown List’s DataSource property in the OnInitializedAsync method.

<SfDropDownList TValue="int?" TItem="DropdownModel" @bind-Value="@selectedValue" DataSource="@myDdlData" Placeholder="Select a item">
    <DropDownListFieldSettings Text="TextField" Value="ValueField" />
</SfDropDownList>

@code {
    public class DropdownModel
    {
        public int? ValueField { get; set; }
        public string TextField { get; set; }
    }
    IEnumerable<DropdownModel> myDdlData;

    int? selectedValue { get; set; }

    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        myDdlData = Enumerable.Range(1, 200).Select(x => new DropdownModel { TextField = "item " + x, ValueField = x });
    }
}

Step 4: Enable virtual scrolling

Set the EnableVirtualization property to true to enable virtual scrolling in the Dropdown List.

By default, skeleton loading is a technique that provides visual feedback to users during data loading. When implementing virtual scrolling in the Dropdown List, you can incorporate skeleton loading to display placeholders that mimic the appearance of the loaded data. This gives users a clear indication that data is being loaded, thus enhancing the overall user experience.

Refer to the following code example.

<SfDropDownList TValue="int?" TItem="DropdownModel" Width="250px" @bind-Value="@selectedValue" DataSource="@myDdlData" EnableVirtualization=true Placeholder="Select a item">
    <DropDownListFieldSettings Text="TextField" Value="ValueField" />
</SfDropDownList>

@code {

    public class DropdownModel
    {
        public int? ValueField { get; set; }
        public string TextField { get; set; }
    }
    IEnumerable<DropdownModel> myDdlData;

    int? selectedValue { get; set; }
    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        myDdlData = Enumerable.Range(1, 200).Select(x => new DropdownModel { TextField = "item " + x, ValueField = x });
    }
}
Virtual scrolling feature in Blazor Dropdown List component
Virtual scrolling feature in Blazor Dropdown List component

Keyboard interaction

Users can also navigate through the scrollable content using keyboard keys. This feature loads the next item or set of items based on the key inputs in the pop-up:

  • Arrow-down key: Loads the next virtual list item if the last item of the current page is selected.
  • Arrow-up key: Loads the previous virtual list item if the first item of the current page is selected.
  • PageDown key: Loads the next page and selects the last item.
  • PageUp key: Loads the previous page and selects its first item.
  • Home key: Loads the initial set of items and selects the first item.
  • End key: Loads the last set of items and selects the last item.

Reference

Check out the documentation for virtual scrolling in the Blazor Dropdown List component and demos on our website and GitHub.

Conclusion

Thank you for reading this blog! We’ve explored the numerous benefits of virtual scrolling in Syncfusion’s Blazor Dropdown List component. With this, you can effortlessly manage large data sets, overcome performance challenges, and ultimately deliver a smoother, more responsive user experience.

Syncfusion’s Blazor dropdown components include the Dropdown List, ComboBox, AutoComplete, ListBox, MultiSelect Dropdown, and Mention. They have been meticulously designed for Blazor to tackle common challenges in modern web apps. Try out them, and please let us know what you think in the comments section below.

Try our Blazor components by downloading a free 30-day trial. Feel free to look at our online examples and documentation to explore other available features.

For questions, you can contact us through our support forum, support portal, and feedback portal. We are always happy to assist you!

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