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Easy Steps to Integrate ASOS in ASP.NET Core API

ASOS (AspNet.Security.OpenIdConnect.Server) is an advanced OAuth2 for ASP.NET Core 1.x and 2.x. In this article, we explain the integration process of ASOS, corresponding to client_credentials and password grant types, to enable:

Token-based authentication

Token-based authentication is the process of creating a token and attaching it with a HTTP request, which will be made to access an API. If a valid token is attached, then the request will be allowed. If an invalid token is attached, then the request will be rejected.

This is the type of authentication that will work while calling with client_credentials grant type.

Prerequisites

  • Client ID for API
  • Client secret ID for API

Startup.cs configure services

services.AddAuthentication().AddOpenIdConnectServer(options =>
{
    options.AllowInsecureHttp = true;
    options.AccessTokenLifetime = TimeSpan.FromMinutes(60); //Provide token expiry here.
    options.TokenEndpointPath = "/token"; //Provide token end point path here.
    options.Provider.OnValidateTokenRequest = context =>
    {
        //["ClientCredentials:ClientId"] denotes your API client id in the format of string.
        //["ClientCredentials:ClientSecret"] denotes your API client secret id in the format of string.
        if (context.ClientId == ["ClientCredentials:ClientId"] && context.ClientSecret == ["ClientCredentials:ClientSecret"])
        {
            context.Validate();
        }
        else
        {
            context.Reject(
                        error: OpenIdConnectConstants.Errors.InvalidClient,
                        description: "Invalid Client details");
        }
        return Task.CompletedTask;
    };
});
services.AddAuthentication(OAuthValidationDefaults.AuthenticationScheme).AddOAuthValidation();

User-based authentication

This type of authentication will work while calling with a password of grant type.

Prerequisites

You should have user login credentials to allow users to access a particular API request.

Startup.cs configure services

options.Provider.OnHandleTokenRequest = context =>
{
    if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(context.Request.Username) && !string.IsNullOrEmpty(context.Request.Password) && context.Request.IsPasswordGrantType())
    {
        bool loginValidation = GetLoginvalidation(context.Request.Username, context.Request.Password);
        if (!loginValidation)
        {
            context.Reject(
            error: OpenIdConnectConstants.Errors.InvalidGrant,
            description: loginValidation);

            return Task.CompletedTask;
        }
        else 
        {
            // If user information is correct, you can do customized changes like adding in claims in this block based on your requirement.
        }
    }
};

Additional points to be considered

  • Add UseAuthentication() to make the previous authentication work. Add this above app.UseMvc() in the configure method in startup.cs.
  • The controller of each request should have the authorized filter to authorize each request.
[Authorize]
public JsonResult Login()
{
  return;
}

Conclusion

In this blog, we have seen the integration process of ASOS in ASP.NET Core API to enable token-based authentication and user-based authentication.

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