I would like to explain the cluster failover in some detail.
Name nodes (active and standby) store only meta data i.e. Information about data but actual data will resist only in data nodes, an active name node and data nodes with needed data are essential to retrieve our data from HDFS.
To avoid single point failure in name nodes we have active and standby name nodes if active name node fails, standby name node will automatically become as active name node without affecting the cluster.
Similarly, to avoid fault tolerant in data nodes, data replication will take place, i.e. number of copies of same data will be duplicated across different data nodes. By default, we will have replication factor as 3 in Syncfusion Hadoop cluster, but we need at least 3 data nodes to replicate data as replication factor is 3 in that case.
In your case you have only one data node so we should up the data node to retrieve the data. After that you can add additional data nodes in existing cluster if you missed to have enough data nodes in cluster creation itself.
Please refer the following link,
To know more about higher availability and data replication, please refer the following pages.
Higher availability: https://hadoop.apache.org/docs/r2.7.2/hadoop-project-dist/hadoop-hdfs/HDFSHighAvailabilityWithQJM.html
Data Replication: http://hadoop.apache.org/docs/r2.7.2/hadoop-project-dist/hadoop-hdfs/HdfsDesign.html#Data_Replication
Please let me know if you have any queries.