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Add A Multiselect Dropdown into Your JavaScript Application

Syncfusion Essential JS 2 provides a MultiSelect component that supports all functionality out of the box to create a Facebook-like MultiSelect component. This UI enhances the user experience of finding, selecting, and removing items in interactive way, a way which is preferred in almost all apps nowadays. The Essential JS 2 MultiSelect component is an extended version of HTML select with selection mode, check boxes, sorting, grouping, templates, custom values, etc.

In this blog, you are going to learn how to get started with MultiSelect component and explore its most important features.

Get started with MultiSelect component

The MultiSelect component can be configured by following these steps in TypeScript:

  1. Clone the Essential JS 2 quickstart seed repository and configure the drop-down package in the system.config.js file.
    "@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns": "syncfusion:ej2-dropdowns/dist/ej2-dropdowns.umd.min.js"
  2. Install the NPM packages using the following command.
    $ npm install
  3. Add the HTML input element that needs to be initialized as a component in index.html file.
    <body> <div id='container' style="margin:0 auto; width:250px;"> <input type="text" id='multi-select' /> </div> </body>
    
  4. Initialize the component in the app.ts file as shown in the following.
    import { MultiSelect } from '@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns';
    
    // initialize MultiSelect component
    let msObject: MultiSelect = new MultiSelect();
    
    // render initialized MultiSelect
    msObject.appendTo('#multi-select');
    

Populate data

Multiselect is a data-bound component and can be bound to data from arrays of primitive data, JSON data collections, or remote data sources such as OData, OData V4, URL, and Web API to display data. You can map the data source in the form of DataManager or collection type directly.

To bind remote services, create the DataManager with a service URL and bind it to the component as shown in the following.

import { MultiSelect } from '@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns';
import { Query, DataManager, ODataAdaptor } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';

let listObj: MultiSelect = new MultiSelect({
    dataSource: new DataManager({
        url: 'https://js.syncfusion.com/demos/ejServices/Wcf/Northwind.svc/Customers',
        adaptor: new ODataAdaptor,
        crossDomain: true
    }),
    query: new Query().select(['ContactName', 'CustomerID']).take(25),
    fields: { text: 'ContactName', value: 'CustomerID' }
});
listObj.appendTo('#multi-select');

Multiselect with Data

Configuring selection mode

The selected items can be visualized in a text box with different modes:

  • Default
  • Box (chip)
  • Delimiter
  • Check box

Box (chip)

The selected items are displayed with box (chip) and associated with a close icon. Users can remove each box (chip) with the close button, and can navigate through boxes (chips) using arrow keys. To enable this multiselection mode, set the mode property to Box. How to customize the appearance of a box is described in this documentation section.

let msObj: MultiSelect = new MultiSelect({

    // --- Initialize component with data source, query, and fields

    mode:"Box"
});
Multiselect with Box Mode

Delimiter

When selecting multiple items, the selected items can be divided with a desired character as a delimiter. By default, the delimiter character is set to comma. The delimiter character is customizable using the delimiterChar property. To enable this multiselection mode, set the mode property to Delimiter.

let msObj: MultiSelect = new MultiSelect({

    // --- Initialize component with data source, query, and fields

    mode:" Delimiter"
});
 Selection with Delimiter Mode

Default

When the component gets focus, the selected items are displayed with Box (chip) mode. Once the component gets focus-out, the selected items are changed with the delimiter.

Component gets focus:

Component gets focus-in

Component gets focus-out:

Component gets focus-out

Check box

The MultiSelect component allows you to select multiple items using check boxes. The list of items populates with check boxes when this mode is enabled. To enable this multiselection mode, set the mode property to CheckBox.

Note: Import the CheckBox module from the ej2-buttons package and CheckBoxSelection from the ej2-dropdowns package to enable this option in MultiSelect component.

import { MultiSelect,CheckBoxSelection } from '@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns';
import { CheckBox, ChangeEventArgs } from '@syncfusion/ej2-buttons';
import { Query, DataManager, ODataAdaptor } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';

MultiSelect.Inject(CheckBoxSelection);

let listObj: MultiSelect = new MultiSelect({
    dataSource: new DataManager({
        url: 'https://js.syncfusion.com/demos/ejServices/Wcf/Northwind.svc/Customers',
        adaptor: new ODataAdaptor,
        crossDomain: true
    }),
    query: new Query().select(['ContactName', 'CustomerID']).take(25),
    fields: { text: 'ContactName', value: 'CustomerID' },
    mode:"CheckBox"
});
listObj.appendTo('#multi-select');

Multiselect with Check Box Mode

Adding a custom value (tagging)

The user can dynamically add new items with an existing data source. The items don’t have to match exactly with existing pop-up list items. The added new items append at the end of the list. To add a custom value to the existing collection of data, enter the custom value and press the Enter key.

let msObj: MultiSelect = new MultiSelect({

    // --- Initialize component with data source, query, and fields

    allowCustomValue: true
});

Multiselect with Custom Value

Grouping the collection

We can arrange logically related items as groups in a pop-up list. The group’s header is displayed both inline and statically above groups of items. To enable the grouping feature, map the groupBy field on data binding.

import { MultiSelect } from '@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns';
import { Query, DataManager, ODataAdaptor } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';

let listObj: MultiSelect = new MultiSelect({
    dataSource: new DataManager({
        url: 'https://js.syncfusion.com/demos/ejServices/Wcf/Northwind.svc/Customers',
        adaptor: new ODataAdaptor,
        crossDomain: true
    }),
    query: new Query().select(['ContactName', 'CustomerID', 'Coun-try']).take(50),
    fields: { text: 'ContactName', value: 'CustomerID', groupBy: 'Country' },
    mode:"Box"
});
listObj.appendTo('#multi-select');

Multiselect with Grouping

Filter configuration

Data items can be filtered and rebound to the MultiSelect component. The component provides a way to achieve this:

  1. The filtering is not enabled by default, so enable it by setting allowFiltering to true.
  2. Define the filtering event to filter the data based on parameters.
import { MultiSelect, FilteringEventArgs  } from '@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns';
import { Query, DataManager, ODataAdaptor } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';

let listObj: MultiSelect = new MultiSelect({
    dataSource: new DataManager({
        url: 'https://js.syncfusion.com/demos/ejServices/Wcf/Northwind.svc/Customers',
        adaptor: new ODataAdaptor,
        crossDomain: true
    }),
    query: new Query().select(['ContactName', 'CustomerID', 'Coun-try']).take(50),
    fields: { text: 'ContactName', value: 'CustomerID', groupBy: 'Country' },
    mode:"Box",
    allowFiltering: true,
    filtering: function (e: FilteringEventArgs) {
 
    }

});
listObj.appendTo('#multi-select');

Multiselect with Filtered Data

Customization using template

This section explains customizing the default appearance of data items, selected values, group headers, headers, and footers.

Value template

The MultiSelect component provides the flexibility to customize the visualization of each selected item using a value template. The value template is applicable to customize box appearance.

let msObj: MultiSelect = new MultiSelect({

    // --- Initialize component with data source, query, and fields

    valueTemplate:"${ ContactName} - ${ Country}"
});

Selected Item with Template

Item template

You can specify how every individual item is displayed in a pop-up.

let msObj: MultiSelect = new MultiSelect({

    // --- Initialize component with data source, query, and fields

itemTemplate: "
${ ContactName}${ Country}

“, });

List with Item Template

Header template

You can enable a header section for MultiSelect’s pop-up, which displays at the top of a pop-up. The headerTemplate property is used to provide header content that accepts both string and HTML content.

let msObj: MultiSelect = new MultiSelect({

    // --- Initialize component with data source, query, and fields

    headerTemplate:"NameCity"

});

List with Header

Footer template

You can include a footer section, which displays at the bottom of MultiSelect’s pop-up. The footerTemplate property is used to provide footer content that accepts both string and HTML content.

let msObj: MultiSelect = new MultiSelect({

    // --- Initialize component with data source, query, and fields

    footerTemplate:" Total list items: 50 "

});

List with Footer

No records template

When the data source that binds to MultiSelect component has empty records or no matches found on filtering results, the no records template is displayed in MultiSelect component. Use the noRecordsTemplate property to define a custom appearance for the no records pop-up.

let msObj: MultiSelect = new MultiSelect({

    // --- Initialize component with data source, query, and fields

    noRecordsTemplate: " NO DATA AVAILABLE "

});

Pop-up with No Records Template

Action failure template

When you bind MultiSelect component with remote data and the data fetch actions fail, the action failure template is displayed in a pop-up.

let msObj: MultiSelect = new MultiSelect({

    // --- Initialize component with data source, query, and fields

    actionFailureTemplate:" Data fetch get fails "

});

 Data Fetch Request Fails

Group template

When the list items are grouped with logical order, a group header is displayed above each group. A group’s header content can be customized using the groupTemplate property.

let msObj: MultiSelect = new MultiSelect({

    // --- Initialize component with data source, query, and fields

    groupTemplate:"${City}"

});

List with Customized Group Header

 

Customize box (chip) appearance

By default, the chips have styles based on the currently applied theme. But you can customize the chip appearance by adding your own CSS classes using the tagging events of MultiSelect component. Import TaggingEventArgs from the ej2-dropdowns package to configure the tagging event.

let msObj: MultiSelect = new MultiSelect({

    // --- Initialize component with data source, query, and fields

    tagging: (e: TaggingEventArgs) => {

        // Customize code here

    }

});

Conclusion

You have learned how to get started with MultiSelect component and other important features in this blog. You can learn about this control further in the following resources. Please try MultiSelect  yourself and if you have any questions on using the component, or if you would like to provide feedback, please do so in the comments section.

GitHub source: https://github.com/syncfusion/ej2-javascript-ui-controls/tree/master/controls/dropdowns

Demos: https://ej2.syncfusion.com/demos/#/material/multiselect/default.html

User guide documentation: https://ej2.syncfusion.com/documentation/multi-select/?lang=typescript

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