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How to create Excel 3D surface chart in C#, VB.NET?

Platform: WinForms |
Control: XlsIO |
Published Date: February 14, 2018 |
Last Revised Date: October 15, 2018

This article explains how to create a 3D surface chart in Excel using XlsIO.


What is a 3D surface chart?


3-D Surface chart shows a 3-D view of the data, which can be imagined as a rubber sheet stretched over a 3-D Column chart. It is typically used to show relationship between large amount of data that may otherwise be difficult to see. Color bands in a surface chart indicate the difference between values.


Create 3D Surface Chart in Excel

                3D surface chart created using XlsIO

To create a 3D surface chart in Excel using XlsIO, you need to do the following steps.


Steps to create 3D surface chart


  1. Initialize chart


Create a chart object by calling the worksheet.Charts.Add method.



  1. Assign data and select chart type


  • To plot the series values in column and categories in row, set chart’s IsSeriesInRows property to false.
  • Set a range of data from the worksheet to chart’s DataRange property before specifying the chart type.
  • Specify the chart type to ExcelChartType.Surface_3D enum value.



Note: For creating a 3D surface chart, the series count must be greater than or equal to 2. The series should be set before selecting the chart type.


  1. Apply basic chart elements


Add the basic elements like chart title, data labels and legend.


  • ChartTitle of chart object.
  • Set TRUE to chart’s HasLegend property, to show the legend.



  1. Apply 3D chart elements


Add the 3D chart elements like Rotation, Elevation and Perspective.


  • Rotation, Elevation and Perspective of chart object.



Additional applicable properties of 3D surface chart in Excel


To modify the depth axis of 3D surface chart, use the PrimarySerieAxis  (Depth Axis) property.


Download Complete Sample


Download input file with data


To know more about creating charts with various settings using XlsIO, please refer the documentation.


The following C#/ VB.NET complete code snippet shows the creation of 3D surface chart using XlsIO.







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